C0 note (16,35 Hz) — vibrating on liquid surface

D0 note (18.35 Hz) — vibrating on liquid surface

C0 note (16,35 Hz) — vibrating on liquid surface

F0 note (21.83 Hz) — vibrating on liquid surface

G0 note (24.50 Hz) — vibrating on liquid surface

A0 note (27.50 Hz) — vibrating on liquid surface

Yang, Xiaozhong: Kou Xian 



Basic information



  • Program notes: 

    KOU XIAN is a miniature instrument which is made by reeds or bamboo chips. Through the ages, it prevails in the minorities’ areas of Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou in China. Generally, KOU XIAN will produce soft and sweet tunes which always linger in the air. However, on occasions, it will perform rough and raw sounds. In the minorities’ areas, the mellifluous tunes from KOU XIAN can be heard in the forest or by the riverside in the peaceful night. These instruments are often played by girls to express their love to the boys.
    In this piece, I am trying to interpret this traditional instrument --- KOU XIAN featuring strong Chinese temperaments by using string instruments. The style used to play the instrument is like having the player’s fingertips dance through the strings. I adopted the string instruments’ various levels of color via its contradictive characters of ‘void’ and ‘solid’, ‘light’ and ‘dark’, ‘firm’ and ‘soft’ as well as ‘static’ and ‘dynamic’ state. With the music texture changing and transferring continuously, I created diverse tones and rhythmic swings; just like how the KOU XIAN players gently stir and agitate the reeds with their breath by changing the shape of their mouths. By reshaping and reconstructing the timber of KOU XIAN, I took string instruments as the carrier, hoping to portray the exquisite sound of KOU XIAN and its everlasting ‘heartbeats’ and ‘pulsation’.




Total number of musicians: 
Musicians1st player2nd player



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